Quantum Models for Flux-Driven Superconducting Traveling-Wave Parametric Amplifiers with Different Nonlinear Junction Topologies

In this contribution, we investigate different types of Josephson junction arrays that are embedded in coplanar microwave transmission lines, acting as traveling-wave parametric amplifiers. For the realization of traveling-wave parametric amplifiers, different Josephson junction array geometries have been proposed in the literature. Here, we investigate the amplifierâ€™s Josephson nonlinearity along with the gain performance, following a general method to derive the nonlinear wave-mixing coefficients from the current-phase relation of different junction array topologies. These nonlinear coefficients are then incorporated into a corresponding Hamiltonian, which is used in order to solve the Heisenberg equations of motion of the photon number operator, determining the gain of the amplifier.