Reference Measurements of Error Vector Magnitude

We demonstrate the applicability of the IEEE P1765 Reference Waveforms in ascertaining EVM and associated uncertainties by performing traceable measurements on a calibrated equivalent-time sampling oscilloscope at 44 GHz. With this knowledge, a user can employ the IEEE P1765 measurement-comparison approach using these reference waveforms in their laboratory to estimate the impact of their receiver on EVM and its associated uncertainties.